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Mysteries of Armenia

The Center of Ancient Export

100_0964_poselenie_shengavitLocated on the left bank of the Hrazdan River, the town of Shengavit is one of the most famous metallurgical and agricultural-cattle-breeding centers in the Armenian plateau and Near East. It is situated in the administrative part of Yerevan and occupies the territory of the hill with a total area of six hectares. The houses that have been found here have a stone basis and brickwork. They form a single unified group surrounded with a powerful fortress enclosure. The population of Shengavit lived in rounded dwellings (with a diameter of 6-8 m) and adjoining quadrangular lodgings. The metallic items found in Shengavit are extremely similar to those discovered during the excavation works in the Sumer city Ur. Those are copper bracelets, spiral ornaments (ringlets), awls, leaf-shaped spear-heads, a flat broadsword and a huge axe with an opening for the handle. The town was one of the centers of copper exportation to Lower Mesopotamia, Asia Minor and the Caucasus. The establishment of the town dates back to the 4th millennium BC. Among the other stunning archeological materials in Shangavit of particular interest are the skulls of typically Armenoid type. Having been formed about six thousand years before, this anthropological type was found in the second stratum of Anatolian Troy, in the Persian Tepesi-Alik, and in Mesopotamian cities Ur and Kish. Many inhabitants of the Armenian plateau probably migrated there in the 4th – 3rd millennium BC.

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