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Mysteries of Armenia

The Mirror of Changes

103_15_ozero_sevanAmong the massive lands that were formed before the eyes of prehistoric people and had direct influence on the shaping of their world outlook, reservoirs play by far an important role. The largest lake on the Armenian plateau, Lake Van, occupies an area of 3760 sq km at a maximum depth of 451 m. It emerged on the site of a tectonic basin following the damming of old rivers by the lavas of Nemrud and Sipan volcanoes. This happened several thousand years ago and most probably generated the myth about the Deluge.

Located at a height of 1898 m, Lake Sevan is also the result of joint activity of the two elements. It was formed ten thousand years ago, after the lava flow and blocking of the river-beds. Sevan’s defined area of water consists of the Greater and Lesser basins which are separated by underwater volcanic cape ridges of Artanish and Noratus. The waterway has an area of about 1236 sq km and a depth of 80-85 m. Thirty streams running down the mountains feed Lake Sevan from which the Hrazdan River flows. Just like Lake Van, it flooded whole settlements as a consequence of changes in the water-level.

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