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Mysteries of Armenia

The Stone Lake

100_0414_kamennoe_ozer_kariQuaternary ice formations covered the mount summits of Armenia with snow coat, which started thawing approximately 9 thousand years ago. The relief of the country started forming with the retreat of the last glacier. Consequently, mountain valleys rose rectified by the receding glacier and crateriform bags appeared on the steep slopes of the summits. Some of these bags later marked the area of water of the glacial lakes in Armenia. In the cold mountain climate the thawed snow does not evaporate but fills the reservoirs. Alpinists can come across such Kari Lakes on the ranges of Zangezour, Geghama and Vardenis. Aragats Volcano is the main point for reservoirs. Its slopes boast several lakes, the most famous of which, the Kari Lake (the Stone Lake), is located at the height of 3190 m above sea level. Moraine piles, rock sediments, such as loamy soil and boulders, having emerged as a result of ice stirs provide natural dams. The Kari Lake occupies just 0,12 sq km with the maximum depth of 8 meters. This pond owes its name to folklore, where legends told of kurums (rivers of broken rock) that supplied the lake with water.

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