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Mysteries of Armenia

Spared by Time

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In the times of feudal disunity Armenia did not collapse into appanage principalities. This epoch was rather marked by elemental proclamation of autonomous subjects in various parts of the country, which had already been declared independent. This process was accompanied by vigorous national liberation movement and construction of new bastions. Located at an absolute height of 2300 m, Amberd (Anberd) Fortress is among the most significant monuments of this kind. The Fortress is perched on a high cape in Aragats mountain range, which is formed by a junction of the rivers Anberd and Arkhashyan. The gorges here are quite deep (about 100 m), in some parts steep walls are up to 50 m high. Yet, the territory of the Fortress was rather vulnerable from certain positions. For that reason, it was decided to build a fortress wall which would defend the Palace. In addition to the Fortress and Palace, the defense complex of Amberd also comprised a church and a chapel which partially survived. The representatives of several Armenian princely families, who had fought against the Seljuks, had been the owners of Amberd Fortress for over 400 years. In the 13th century the Fortress was seized by Mongols and Tatars and set on fire. Its consequences can still be traced today. At the end of the 14th century, however, in the age of Tamerlane’s takeover, the Amberd Fortress fell once and for all.

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