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Mysteries of Armenia

A Gateway to the Future

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For centuries people tried to reach the gates of the mysterious space. The inhabitants of the Armenian plateau also aspired to this. The most ancient centers of astronomical observations were functioning in the country several thousand years ago. Their greatest achievement was the creation of the calendar, the systems of lunar and solar chronology. The new stage in the history of astronomy started in 1946, when on the southern slope of Mt Aragats at an absolute height of 1500 m, the prominent scientist Victor Hambartsumyan founded the astrophysical observatory in Byurakan. Of particular significance here was the study of dynamically unstable and fading clusters of stars, i.e. stellar associations. The results of those investigations put forward two basic conclusions, according to which stars are still being formed in the Galaxy these days, and they always spring up in clusters. For the first time in history, scientists were interested in super planetary configurations and cosmogonic activity of galactic nuclei. The astronomers of Byurakan Observatory discovered a great number of unusual galaxies with excessive ultraviolet radiation. Their revelation highlighted the idea of the significant role carried out by the last galaxies in evolution. Not far from the observatory, one can see the gallery of ancient rock drawings. Many petroglyphs are probably hidden under the thick layer of lava. After all, Mt Aragats had also erupted in people’s sight. However, all this was ages ago, although at times this notion doesn’t even seem to exist in the history of Armenia.

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